renaissance

Enclosed gardens continue, but as Elizabeth Barlow Rogers introduces in our text, there was an "emphasis upon axial planning, a first step toward spatial thrust and the apparent extension of its boundaries to the horizon."  Immense wealth is also on display, and such private opportunities lead to advances in urban planning.​

key places of interest
Early Theory & Villas
Treatise De re aedificatoria (on architecture): Leon Battista Alberti
Villa Medici: Fiesola, Italy: Michelozzo di Bartolommeo
Hypnerotomachia Poliphili: Francesco Colonna
16th Century Architecture & Gardens, Italy
Cortile de Belvedere: Vatican City: Donata Bramante, Michelangelo Buonarroti, Pirro Ligorio
Villa Madama: Rome: Raffaello Sanzio, Giulio Romano, Antonio da Sangallo the Younger
Villa Farnesina: Rome: Baldassare Peruzzi
Villa Giulia: Rome: Michelangelo Buonarroti, Giorgio Vasari, Bartolomeo Ammannati, Giocomo Barozzi da Vignola
Villa Pia: Vatican City: Pirro Ligorio
Villa d'Este: Tivoli: Pirro Ligorio
Villa Lante: Viterbo: Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola
Sacro Bosco: Bomarzo: Count Pier Francesco Orsini
Boboli Gardens: Bernardo Buontalenti
Quatro libri: Andrea Palladio
Villa Barbaro (Villa de Maser): Muliparte: Andrea Palladio
Villa Rotonda: Vicenza: Andrea Palladio
Urban Axial Planning
Via Giulia: Rome: Donato Bramante
Piazza Sant' Angelo: Rome
Campidoglio: Rome: Michelangelo Buonorroti
Villa Montalto: Rome: Domenico Fontana
Circus Maximus (Piazzo del Popolo): Rome: Domenico Fontana (obelisk addition)
16th Century Architecture and Garden, France
Châteaux Royal de Blois: Blois: Jacques Androuet du Cerceau
Château de Fontainebleau: Gilles de Breton (remodel), Francesco Primaticcio (grotto)
Château d'Ancy-le-Franc: Sebastiano Serlio
Château d'Anet: Philibert de l'Orme
Château de Chenonceaux: Philibert de l'Orme (remodel additions)
Paris Urbanization & Gardens
Infrastructure Rebuilding: Maximilien de Béthune
Louvre: Pierre Lescot & subsequent architects under Henry IV
Place des Vosges (Place Royale): Maximilien de Béthune
Tuileries: Gardening Families Mollets, Le Nôtre, Desgots
Traité du jardinage: Jacques Boyceau
Luxembourg Gardens: Possibly Jacque Boyceau, Tomasso Francini