picturesque, romanticism, enlightenment

Studying these estates offers a unique opportunity to explore how some gardens are layered over time, or completely wiped and replaced as in some cases.  Formality took a backseat to a "naturalesque" aesthetic, which can be traced forward to many landscape designs today.

key places of interest
English Picturesque
Chiswick House: London: William Kent
Claremont: Surrey: Sir John Vanbrugh (amphitheater: Charles Bridgeman; formal garden: William Kent; replacement mansion: Lancelot "Capability" Brown) 
Rousham: Rousham: William Kent
Castle Howard: North Yorkshire: Charles Howard, John Vanbrugh
Stowe: Buckingham: Charles Bridgeman, William Kent, Lancelot "Capability" Brown
Studley Royal: North Yorkshire: John Aislabie
Stourhead: Stourton: Henry Hoare, Henry Flitcroft
Petworth House: Petworth: George London, Lancelot "Capability" Brown
Broadlands: Romsey Extra: Lancelot "Capability" Brown
Blenheim: Woodstock: Henry Wise, Lancelot "Capability" Brown
Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew: London: Lancelot "Capability" Brown (Pagoda: William Chambers)
Wentworth: Barnsley: Lancelot "Capability" Brown, Humphry Repton
Endsleigh: Tavistock: Humphry Repton
 
Mughal Influence in England
Sezincote House: Sezincote: Humphry Repton, John Nash
German & Austrian Picturesque
Muskau Park: Bad Muskau: Prince Hermann von Puckler-Muskau
Sanssouci Gardens: Potsdam: Peter Joseph Lenné
Charlottenhof Gardens: Potsdam: Peter Joseph Lenné
Schlossgarten Charlottenburg: Berlin: Peter Joseph Lenné
Tiergarten Schönbrunn (Schönbrunn Zoo): Vienna: Peter Joseph Lenné
French Picturesque
Parc Monceau (Jardin de Monceau): Paris: Louis Carrogis (Carmontelle)
Bagatelles, Bois de Boulogne: Paris: François-Joseph Belanger, Thomas Blaikie, Hubert Robert
Rousseau's Tomb, Ermenonville: Oise: Louis-René, Vicomte d'Ermenonville, Marquis de Girardin
Jardin anglais, Chantilly: Oise: Jean-François LeRoy
Petit Trianon: Versailles: Richard Mique (rocher, Hubert Robert)
Desert de Retz: Chambourcy: François Nicolas Henry Racine, Baron de Monville
Regency Townscapes in England
Bath: John Wood the Elder, John Wood the Younger
Park Crescent: Bath: John Nash
Thomas Jefferson
Land Ordinance of 1785: United States
Monticello: Charlottesville, Virginia
Poplar Forest: Forest, Virginia
University of Virginia: Charlottesville, Virginia