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Industrial Age

New opportunities, practically for everyone, or at least that was the dream.  For this time period, we are still in the 19th century but transitioning to early 20th century events; for the United States and Europe, we are building upon scientific and technological advances, expanding territories (and land speculations), and seizing opportunities, often under questionable strategies.  American architecture and landscape is about to change under the influences of Europe, but that influence helped lead us toward what has been recognized as America's Best Idea.

key places of interest

Modern Cities & Parks


Baron Georges-Eugène Haussmann, Jean-Charles-Adolphe Alphand

Parc des Buttes-Chaumont: Jean-Charles-Adolphe Alphand

Square des Innocents: Jean-Charles-Adolphe Alphand

Trocadéro Palace: Gabriel-Jean-Antoine Davioud


Daniel Burnham

1893 World's Columbian Fair: Daniel Burnham, Frederick Law Olmsted

Washington, D.C.

McMillan Plan: Senator James McMillan Committee (Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr., Stanford White, Charles McKim, Augustus Saint-Gaudens)

Jefferson Memorial Commission: John Russell Pope

Rock Creek & Potomac Parkway: Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr., James G. Langdon

United States National Park System

Yosemite National Park: Fredrick Law Olmsted, Sr.

National Park Service

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