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landscape design in China & Japan

Unlike other chapters, this chapter consolidates a long history of garden design within two countries that subsequently influenced western landscape design.  This list is by no means complete, but it certainly is a start for research projects.  The people listed here may be garden designers, political leaders, and/or scholars of significance.  Unknown information means our text does not specifically identify individuals or locations; therefore, it would be up to the researcher to explore additional sources for verification.

key places of interest
Gardens of China
Shanglin Park: Chang'an (Xi'an): Qin Shihuangdi
Wangchuan Villa: Chang'an (Xi'an): Wang Wei
Orchid Pavilion: Shaoxing: Wang Xizhi
Pavillion of Ceremonial Purification: Beijing: Unknown
Northern Song Gardens
Pleasure Park of Genyue: Kaifeng: Emperor Huizong
Feng Shui and professional geomancers
The Garden of Green Water: Unknown location: Zhu Mian
Southern Song Gardens
Xi Hu: Hongzhou: Unknown
Private Gardens: Hongzhou: Unknown
Literature & Literary Gardens
Yuan Ye: Ji Cheng (b. 1582)
Example Garden:
Zhuo Zheng Yuan (拙政园): Suzhou: Unknown
Liu Yuan: Suzhou: Xu Tai
The Story of the Stone (The Dream of the Red Chamber): Cao Xeuqin (c. 1724-1764)
Grand View Garden: Location in novel listed above: Horticultural Hu
Wang Shi Yuan: Suzhou: Song Zongyuan
Imperial Beijing
Early City Planning: Jin Dynasty
Early City Planning: Khubilai Khan
Early City Planning: Ming Dynasty
The Forbidden City: Emperor Yongle
Yuan Ming Yuan: Qianlong Emperor
Yi He Yuan: Qianlong Emperor
Gardens of Japan
Shinto Sanctuaries
Ise Shrine: Ise: Unknown
Nara & Heian Courts
Nara Planned City: Era of Prince Shotoku
Heian-kyō (Kyoto): Emperor Kammu
The Tale of Genji: Murasaki Shikibu
Byōdō-in: Uji: Kampaku Fujiwara Yorimichi
Gardens of Kyoto
Kamakura Gardens
Ryōan-ji: Possibly Matsumoto or Sōami
Tenryū-ji: Early era unknown designer (later, Musō Soseki, aka Musō Kokushi)
Saijō-ji: Musō Soseki
Muromachi Gardens
Hana no Gosho: Shogun Ashikaga Yoshimitsu
Kitayama-dono (Kinkaku-ji): Shogun Ashikaga Yoshimitsu
Jisho-ji (Ginkaku-ji): Yoshimasa
Daisen-in: Kogaku, possibly with assistance by Sōami
Ryoan-ji: Possibly Hosokawa Katsumoto
 Hideyoshi & Sen no Rikyū
Sambō-in: Kampaku Toyotomi Hedeyoshi (also Yoshirō)
Daigo-ji: Kampaku Toyotomi Hideyoshi (completed by Abbot Gien)
Influence of Japanese Tea Ceramonies to Gardens: Sen no Rikyū
Edo Period
Katsura Rikyū Imperial Gardens: Imperial Prince Toshihito (later, Kobori Enshū)
Shugakuin Rikyū: Kobori Enshū
Konchi-in: Kobori Enshū
Shisendō: Ishikawa Jōzan
Ginkaku-Ji: Japanese priests

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