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Arts & Crafts Movement (and its detractors)

Students studying landscape architecture might find this era in design easiest to identify with their own interests.  The Arts & Crafts Movement responds to an increasingly mechanized world with a reconnecting, if one will, to the natural world, an almost DIY can-do attitude in design.  Yet some order was still desirable, lending to a revival of formal forms in the garden.  Where former periods were patriarchal to a fault, the growth of women's organizations meant greater opportunities for diverse voices in landscape design.  Please note this list only scratches the surface garden during this period.

key places of interest

English Literature

The English Flower Garden (1883): William Robinson

The Art of Building Cities (1889): Camillo Sitte

The Formal Garden in England (1892): Reginald Blomfield

The Art and Craft of Garden Making (1900): Thomas Hayton Mawson

Gardens for Small Country Houses (1912): Gertrude Jekyll, Lawrence Weaver

Gardens in Europe


Munstead Wood: Surrey: Gertrude Jekyll

Orchards: Surrey: Gertrude Jekyll, Edwin Lutyens

Les Bois des Moutiers: Varengeville: Edwin Lutyens

Blenheim Palace parterre garden: Blenheim: Achille Duchêne

Manor House: Sutton Courtenay: Norah Lindsay

Hidcote Manor: Chipping Campden: Lawrence Johnston

Sissinghurst Castle Garden: Kent: Vita Sackville-West, Harold Nicholson


Champs-sur-Marne: Paris: Henri & Achille Duchêne

Château de Courances: Essonne: Achille Duchêne

Château de Villandry garden redesign: Villandry: Dr. Joahcim de Carvallo

Bagatelle: Paris: Jean-Claude-Nicolas Forestier

Iford Manor: Iford: Harold Ainsworth Peto


Parque de Montjuich: Barcelona: Jean-Claude-Nicolas Forestier

Republic of Ireland

Ilnacullin: Garinish Island: Harold Ainsworth Peto


Villa I Tatti: Florence: Cecil Ross Pinsent

Giardini del Quirinal: Rome: Charles Platt

Gardens in the United States

The Mount: Lenox: Edith Wharton

Faulkner Farm: Brookline: Charles Platt

Garland Farms: Bar Harbor: Beatrix Cadwalader Jones Farrand

William R. Garrison Residence: Tuxedo Park: Beatrix Cadwalader Jones Farrand

Dumbarton Oaks: Washington, D.C.: Beatrix Cadwalader Jones Farrand

Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Garden: Seal Harbor: Beatrix Cadwalader Jones Farrand

Henry Croft Garden: Greenwich: Ellen Biddle Shipman

Sarah P. Duke Memorial Gardens, Duke University: Durham: Ellen Biddle Shipman

Vizcaya: Miami: Diego Suarez, F. Burrall Hoffman


& California

Huntington Gardens: San Marino: William Hertrich

Green Gables: Woodside: Charles Sumner Greene

Filoli: Woodwide: Bruce Porter

Greenacres: Beverly Hills: A.E. Hanson

Casa del Herrero: Santa Barbara: Ralph Stevens, Lockwood deForest

Il Brolino: Montecito: Florence Yoch & Lucile Council

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